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The Christmas Message: Queen Elizabeth II describes the Significance of Christmas

The Christmas Message

Queen Elizabeth II describes the Significance of Christmas

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The Christmas Message – updated to 2018 – PDF

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Printed books have a double page for each of the annual Christmas Broadcasts.

Available in Basic Edition in print and Gift Edition in colour.

All versions available as eBooks in colour on Kindle/Amazon.

The 2018 updated version is available on Kindle and Amazon.

All versions updated annually after Christmas Day.

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Originally available as The Christmas Message: Reflections on the Significance of Christmas from The Queen’s Christmas Broadcasts

A Christmas Message Gift

The Christmas Message – updated to 2018 – PDF

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Basic Edition in print and Gift Edition in colour

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Now also available as The Queen’s Christmas Message:

Queen Elizabeth II describes the Significance of Christmas

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The Queen’s Christmas Message – to 2018 – PDF

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Paperback in black and white – Amazon

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Amazon Reviews

1.  ‘The Christmas Message’ is an appealing, highly unusual and very creative anthology.  After an introduction about the Queen’s public expression of faith, Geoff Waugh provides a selection of noteworthy passages about Christmas from the Queen’s Christmas messages from 1952 to 2017.  He sets them into context by brief historical references, photos, and Christmas stamps.  Finally there is an epilogue of famous Christmas hymns and carols including those used in the Christmas Broadcasts. This book would be the perfect Christmas present. – Alison Sherrington (Author)

2.  I haven’t seen anyone else draw the events of the last 65 years together in this way before. Using the Queen’s speeches not only ties in the unfolding events of our time but reveals a deep spiritual glue that provides a fascinating and intimate insight into the personal life of our Queen. A fascinating read. 5 Stars. – Rev Philip Waugh (Minister)

3.  The core of the book is the excerpts from The Queen’s messages. Geoff introduces each broadcast with a short commentary on the events of that year and highlights The Queen’s words in the context of each year, accompanied with appropriate photographs and commemorative stamps. The appendix is a fitting conclusion to this new and innovative approach to the Christmas Story and its clear message of peace and goodwill to all. It is a rewarding experience to read it from cover to cover. – Don Hill (Consultant)

4.  The Queen Would Be Proud – 5 stars 
What an amazing collection! This has so many wonderful Christmas messages and is a great addition to any family during the holiday season. – Jenny & Benny (Amazon)

V3 world Christmas

The Christmas Message Video Ad

Cue the Queen: Celebrating the Christmas Speech – YouTube

Recent quotes from The Queen:

God sent into the world a unique person – neither a philosopher nor a general … but a Saviour, with the power to forgive. Forgiveness lies at the heart of the Christian faith. … It is my prayer that … we all might find room in our lives for the message of the angels and for the love of God through Christ our Lord. (2011) 

This is the time of year when we remember that God sent his only son ‘to serve, not to be served’. He restored love and service to the centre of our lives in the person of Jesus Christ. (2012)

For Christians, as for all people of faith, reflection, meditation and prayer help us to renew ourselves in God’s love, as we strive daily to become better people. The Christmas message shows us that this love is for everyone. There is no one beyond its reach. (2013)

For me, the life of Jesus Christ, the prince of peace, whose birth we celebrate today, is an inspiration and an anchor in my life. A role model of reconciliation and forgiveness, he stretched out his hands in love, acceptance and healing. Christ’s example has taught me to seek to respect and value all people, of whatever faith or none. (2014)

Despite being displaced and persecuted throughout his short life, Christ’s unchanging message was not one of revenge or violence but simply that we should love one another. (2015)

Jesus Christ lived obscurely for most of his life, and never travelled far. He was maligned and rejected by many, though he had done no wrong. And yet, billions of people now follow his teaching and find in him the guiding light for their lives. I am one of them because Christ’s example helps me see the value of doing small things with great love, whoever does them and whatever they themselves believe. (2016)

We remember the birth of Jesus Christ, whose only sanctuary was a stable in Bethlehem. He knew rejection, hardship and persecution. And, yet, it is Jesus Christ’s generous love and example which has inspired me through good times and bad. (2017)

The Christmas story retains its appeal since it doesn’t provide theoretical explanations for the puzzles of life. Instead, it’s about the birth of a child and the hope that birth 2,000 years ago brought to the world.  Only a few people acknowledged Jesus when he was born; now billions follow him. I believe his message of peace on earth and goodwill to all is never out of date. It can be heeded by everyone. It’s needed as much as ever. (2018)

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Printed books have a double page for each of the annual Christmas Broadcasts.

Queen Elizabeth II has spoken about the significance of Christmas to more people than anyone else in history, including 28 million in the UK and many millions more worldwide in just one of her Christmas Broadcasts.

We have annual Christmas Broadcasts from Queen Elizabeth II, freely available on the internet. Her Majesty refers to the meaning and significance of Christmas in them all. I have included 25 selections in this Blog.

Jon Kuhrt wrote a blog about The Queen’s Christmas messages. While working with people affected by homelessness, offending and addictions at the West London Mission, he was impressed by comments in the 2014 broadcast. Jon wrote: “I have not been a committed viewer (apart from when I am at my Mum’s when it is compulsory viewing). So I went back and read her previous Christmas messages over the last 5 years.”

Here, I have adapted Jon’s Resistance & Renewal blog in which he describes how The Queen’s Christmas messages are a model of how to talk about faith in the public sphere.

1) The Queen speaks personally

“It is my prayer this Christmas Day that Jesus’ example and teaching will continue to bring people together to give the best of themselves in the service of others.” (2012)

“For me, the life of Jesus Christ, the prince of peace, whose birth we celebrate today, is an inspiration and an anchor in my life.” (2014)

Personal testimony is significant and convincing, causing respect in those listening. The Queen is personal in the way she speaks, using words like ‘for me’; ‘my life’ and ‘my prayer’.

2) The Queens speaks compassionately

“Despite being displaced and persecuted throughout his short life, Christ’s unchanging message was not one of revenge or violence but simply that we should love one another.” (2015)

“Christ’s example helps me see the value of doing small things with great love, whoever does them and whatever they themselves believe.” (2016)

Consistently, The Queen and the Royal Family show deep concern for the bereaved and suffering, both in personal contact and in correspondence. The heart of Christmas is about God’s love for everyone, especially the hurting and fallen.

3) The Queen speaks inclusively

“The Christmas message shows us that this love is for everyone. There is no one beyond its reach.” (2013)

“Christ’s example has taught me to seek to respect and value all people, of whatever faith or none.” (2014)

God’s love is for all people and believing in this love leads us to respect and value everyone. Jon adds, “It resonated with my own experience of meeting The Queen in 1997, when she came to open a new hostel for young homeless people that I was managing. I showed her round and introduced her to all the residents. I had expected it to be quite formal and awkward but I remember how adept she was at talking to such a diverse range of people.”

4) The Queen speaks about Jesus

“This is the time of year when we remember that God sent his only son ‘to serve, not to be served’. He restored love and service to the centre of our lives in the person of Jesus Christ.” (2012)

“God sent into the world a unique person – neither a philosopher nor a general … but a Saviour, with the power to forgive.” (2011)

The Queen talks directly about the person at the heart of Christmas, the reason for celebrating. That includes both the example and achievement of Jesus and makes orthodox theology accessible to the widest possible audience.

5) The Queen speaks about faith in action

“Forgiveness lies at the heart of the Christian faith. It can heal broken families, it can restore friendships and it can reconcile divided communities. It is in forgiveness that we feel the power of God’s love.” (2011)

“For Christians, as for all people of faith, reflection, meditation and prayer help us to renew ourselves in God’s love, as we strive daily to become better people.” (2013)

Reconciliation, service and love flow from Christian commitment. The Queen talks about what faith does. It makes a difference to how we live and helps us to be ‘better people’.

God really did love the world so much (all races and all religions or none) that he gave us his Son, our Saviour. We celebrate that gift at Christmas.

Here are excerpts from some of The Queen’s Christmas Broadcasts with links to each Speech.

1952

1952 web1

The Queen’s first Christmas Broadcast, 1952

“Peace on earth, Goodwill toward men” ~ the eternal message of Christmas, and the desire of us all. 

https://www.royal.uk/queens-first-christmas-broadcast-1952 Script

1954

[Christmas] has, before all, its origin in the homage we pay to a very special Family, who lived long ago in a very ordinary home, in a very unimportant village in the uplands of a small Roman province.

Life in such a place might have been uneventful. But the Light, kindled in Bethlehem and then streaming from the cottage window in Nazareth, has illumined the world for two thousand years. It is in the glow of that bright beam that I wish you all a blessed Christmas and a happy New Year.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-1954 Script

1957

The First Royal Christmas Message televised, 1957

I would like to read you a few lines from ‘Pilgrim’s Progress’, because I am sure we can say with Mr Valiant for Truth, these words:

“Though with great difficulty I am got hither, yet now I do not repent me of all the trouble I have been at to arrive where I am. My sword I give to him that shall succeed me in my pilgrimage and my courage and skill to him that can get it. My marks and scars I carry with me, to be a witness for me that I have fought his battles who now will be my rewarder.”

I hope that 1958 may bring you God’s blessing and all the things you long for. And so I wish you all, young and old, wherever you may be, all the fun and enjoyment, and the peace of a very happy Christmas.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-1957 – Script

The First Television YouTube Broadcast:

1961

Every year at this time the whole Christian world celebrates the birth of the founder of our faith. It is traditionally the time for family reunions, present-giving and children’s parties.

A welcome escape, in fact, from the harsh realities of this troubled world and it is just in times like these, times of tension and anxieties, that the simple story and message of Christmas is most relevant.

The story is of a poor man and his wife who took refuge at night in a stable, where a child was born and laid in the manger. Nothing very spectacular, and yet the event was greeted with that triumphant song: “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, goodwill towards men.”

For that child was to show that there is nothing in heaven and earth that cannot be achieved by faith and by love and service to one’s neighbour. Christmas may be a Christian festival, but its message goes out to all men and it is echoed by all men of understanding and goodwill everywhere. …

“Oh hush the noise, ye men of strife, and hear the angels sing.” The words of this old carol mean even more today than when they were first written.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-1961 Script

1967

1967 Queen1

The first Royal Christmas Message televised in colour, 1967

Modern communications make it possible for me to talk to you in your homes and to wish you a merry Christmas and a very happy New Year. These techniques of radio and television are modern, but the Christmas message is timeless.

You may have heard it very often but in the end, no matter what scientific progress we make, the message will count for nothing unless we can achieve real peace and encourage genuine goodwill between individual people and the nations of the world.

Every Christmas I am sustained and encouraged by the happiness and sense of unity which comes from seeing all the members of my family together.

I hope and pray that, with God’s help, this Christmas spirit of family unity will spread and grow among our Commonwealth family of nations.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-1967 Script

1975

We are celebrating a birthday – the birthday of a child born nearly 2,000 years ago, who grew up and lived for only about 30 years.

That one person, by his example and by his revelation of the good which is in us all, has made an enormous difference to the lives of people who have come to understand his teaching. His simple message of love has been turning the world upside down ever since. He showed that what people are and what they do, does matter and does make all the difference.

He commanded us to love our neighbours as we love ourselves, but what exactly is meant by ‘loving ourselves’? I believe it means trying to make the most of the abilities we have been given, it means caring for our talents.

It is a matter of making the best of ourselves, not just doing the best for ourselves. 

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-1975 Script

1980

I was glad that the celebrations of my mother’s 80th birthday last summer gave so much pleasure. I wonder whether you remember, during the Thanksgiving Service in St. Paul’s, the congregation singing that wonderful hymn “Immortal, Invisible, God only wise”.

“Now give us we pray thee the Spirit of love,

The gift of true wisdom that comes from above,

The spirit of service that has naught of pride,

The gift of true courage, and thee as our guide.”  …

In difficult times we may be tempted to find excuses for self-indulgence and to wash our hands of responsibility. Christmas stands for the opposite. The Wise Men and the Shepherds remind us that it is not enough simply to do our jobs; we need to go out and look for opportunities to help those less fortunate than ourselves, even if that service demands sacrifice.

It was their belief and confidence in God which inspired them to visit the stable and it is this unselfish will to serve that will see us through the difficulties we face.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-1980 Script

1981

Christ not only revealed to us the truth in his teachings. He lived by what he believed and gave us the strength to try to do the same – and, finally, on the cross, he showed the supreme example of physical and moral courage.

That sacrifice was the dawn of Christianity and this is why at Christmas time we are inspired by the example of Christ as we celebrate his birth.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-1981 Script

1986

It is no easy task to care for and bring up children, whatever your circumstances – whether you are famous or quite unknown. But we could all help by letting the spirit of Christmas fill our homes with love and care and by heeding Our Lord’s injunction to treat others as you would like them to treat you.

When, as the Bible says, Christ grew in wisdom and understanding, he began his task of explaining and teaching just what it is that God wants from us.

The two lessons that he had for us, which he underlined in everything he said and did, are the messages of God’s love and how essential it is that we, too, should love other people.  …

The message which God sent us by Christ’s life and example is a very simple one, even though it seems so difficult to put into practice.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-1986 Script

The YouTube Broadcast 1986 includes Away in a Manger by carollers in the royal stable

1989

[The only Christmas Broadcast recorded in public  – at a children’s charity carol concert attended by 2,000, then broadcast on Christmas day]

Many of you will have heard the story of the Good Samaritan, and of how Christ answered the question (from a clever lawyer who was trying to catch him out) “Who is my neighbour?”.

Jesus told of the traveller who was mugged and left injured on the roadside where several important people saw him, and passed by without stopping to help.

His neighbour was the man who did stop, cared for him, and made sure he was being well looked after before he resumed his own journey.  …

You children have something to give us which is priceless. You can still look at the world with a sense of wonder and remind us grown-ups that life is wonderful and precious.  …

In the hope that we will be kind and loving to one another, not just on Christmas Day, but throughout the year, I wish you all a very Happy Christmas. God bless you.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-1989 Script

1993

I am always moved by those words in St. John’s Gospel which we hear on Christmas Day – “He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not”.

We have only to listen to the news to know the truth of that. But the Gospel goes on – “But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God”.

For all the inhumanity around us, let us be grateful for those who have received him and who go about quietly doing their work and His will without thought of reward or recognition.

They know that there is an eternal truth of much greater significance than our own triumphs and tragedies, and it is embodied by the Child in the Manger. That is their message of hope.

We can all try to reflect that message of hope in our own lives, in our actions and in our prayers. If we do, the reflection may light the way for others and help them to read the message too. We live in the global village, but villages are made up of families.  …

I hope you all enjoy your Christmas. I pray, with you, for a happy and peaceful New Year.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-1993 Script

The YouTube Broadcast 1993

1995

“Blessed be the peacemakers,” Christ said, “for they shall be called the children of God.” It is especially to those of you, often peacemakers without knowing it, who are fearful of a troubled and uncertain future, that I bid a Happy Christmas.

It is your good sense and good will which have achieved so much. It must not and will not go to waste. May there be still happier Christmases to come, for you and your children. You deserve the best of them.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-1995 Script

The YouTube Broadcast 1995

1996

At Christmas I enjoy looking back on some of the events of the year. Many have their roots in history but still have a real point for us today. I recall, especially, a dazzling spring day in Norwich when I attended the Maundy Service, the Cathedral providing a spectacular setting.

The lovely service is always a reminder of Christ’s words to his disciples: “Love one another; as I have loved you”. It sounds so simple yet it proves so hard to obey.  …

If only we can live up to the example of the child who was born at Christmas with a love that came to embrace the whole world. If only we can let him recapture for us that time when we faced the future with childhood’s unbounded faith.

Armed with that faith, the New Year, with all its challenges and chances, should hold no terrors for us, and we should be able to embark upon it undaunted.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-1996 Script

The YouTube Broadcast 1996

1997

St Paul spoke of the first Christmas as the kindness of God dawning upon the world. The world needs that kindness now more than ever – the kindness and consideration for others that disarms malice and allows us to get on with one another with respect and affection.

Christmas reassures us that God is with us today. But, as I have discovered afresh for myself this year, he is always present in the kindness shown by our neighbours and the love of our friends and family.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-1997 Script

The YouTube Broadcast 1997

2000

Christmas is the traditional, if not the actual, birthday of a man who was destined to change the course of our history. And today we are celebrating the fact that Jesus Christ was born two thousand years ago; this is the true Millennium anniversary.

The simple facts of Jesus’ life give us little clue as to the influence he was to have on the world. As a boy he learnt his father’s trade as a carpenter. He then became a preacher, recruiting twelve supporters to help him.

But his ministry only lasted a few years and he himself never wrote anything down. In his early thirties he was arrested, tortured and crucified with two criminals. His death might have been the end of the story, but then came the resurrection and with it the foundation of the Christian faith.

Even in our very material age the impact of Christ’s life is all around us. If you want to see an expression of Christian faith you have only to look at our awe-inspiring cathedrals and abbeys, listen to their music, or look at their stained glass windows, their books and their pictures.

But the true measure of Christ’s influence is not only in the lives of the saints but also in the good works quietly done by millions of men and women day in and day out throughout the centuries.

Many will have been inspired by Jesus’ simple but powerful teaching: love God and love thy neighbour as thyself – in other words, treat others as you would like them to treat you. His great emphasis was to give spirituality a practical purpose.  …

To many of us our beliefs are of fundamental importance. For me the teachings of Christ and my own personal accountability before God provide a framework in which I try to lead my life. I, like so many of you, have drawn great comfort in difficult times from Christ’s words and example.

I believe that the Christian message, in the words of a familiar blessing, remains profoundly important to us all:

“Go forth into the world in peace,

be of good courage,

hold fast that which is good,

render to no man evil for evil,

strengthen the faint-hearted,

support the weak,

help the afflicted,

honour all men.”

It is a simple message of compassion… and yet as powerful as ever today, two thousand years after Christ’s birth.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-2000 Script

2002

[Golden Jubilee – 50 years reign]

2002 web

Golden Jubilee commemorative stamps, 2002

Anniversaries are important events in all our lives. Christmas is the anniversary of the birth of Christ over two thousand years ago, but it is much more than that. It is the celebration of the birth of an idea and an ideal.  …

I know just how much I rely on my own faith to guide me through the good times and the bad. Each day is a new beginning, I know that the only way to live my life is to try to do what is right, to take the long view, to give of my best in all that the day brings, and to put my trust in God.

Like others of you who draw inspiration from your own faith, I draw strength from the message of hope in the Christian gospel.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-2002 Script

YouTube Broadcast 2002 includes celebration segments

2003

The Founder of the Christian Faith himself chose twelve disciples to help him in his ministry.

In this country and throughout the Commonwealth there are groups of people who are giving their time generously to make a difference to the lives of others.

As we think of them, and of our Servicemen and women far from home at this Christmas time, I hope we all, whatever our faith, can draw inspiration from the words of the familiar prayer:

“Teach us good Lord
To serve thee as thou deservest;
To give, and not to count the cost;
To fight, and not to heed the wounds;
To toil, and not to seek for rest;
To labour, and not to ask for any reward;
Save that of knowing that we do thy will.”

It is this knowledge which will help us all to enjoy the Festival of Christmas.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-2003 Script

2004

Religion and culture are much in the news these days, usually as sources of difference and conflict, rather than for bringing people together. But the irony is that every religion has something to say about tolerance and respecting others.

For me as a Christian one of the most important of these teachings is contained in the parable of the Good Samaritan, when Jesus answers the question “who is my neighbour?”

It is a timeless story of a victim of a mugging who was ignored by his own countrymen but helped by a foreigner – and a despised foreigner at that.

The implication drawn by Jesus is clear. Everyone is our neighbour, no matter what race, creed or colour. The need to look after a fellow human being is far more important than any cultural or religious differences.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-2004 Script

The YouTube Broadcast 2004 includes Surrounded by His Love sung by Sir John Cass’s Foundation Primary School Choir

2007

Now today, of course, marks the birth of Jesus Christ. Among other things, it is a reminder that it is the story of a family; but of a family in very distressed circumstances. Mary and Joseph found no room at the inn; they had to make do in a stable, and the new-born Jesus had to be laid in a manger. This was a family which had been shut out.

Perhaps it was because of this early experience that, throughout his ministry, Jesus of Nazareth reached out and made friends with people whom others ignored or despised. It was in this way that he proclaimed his belief that, in the end, we are all brothers and sisters in one human family.  …

It is all too easy to ‘turn a blind eye’, ‘to pass by on the other side’, and leave it to experts and professionals. All the great religious teachings of the world press home the message that everyone has a responsibility to care for the vulnerable.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-2007 Script

The YouTube Broadcast 2007 includes O Little Town of Bethlehem sung by children in the background

2011

Finding hope in adversity is one of the themes of Christmas. Jesus was born into a world full of fear. The angels came to frightened shepherds with hope in their voices: ‘Fear not’, they urged, ‘we bring you tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. For unto you is born this day in the City of David a Saviour who is Christ the Lord.’

Although we are capable of great acts of kindness, history teaches us that we sometimes need saving from ourselves – from our recklessness or our greed.

God sent into the world a unique person – neither a philosopher nor a general, important though they are, but a Saviour, with the power to forgive. Forgiveness lies at the heart of the Christian faith. It can heal broken families, it can restore friendships and it can reconcile divided communities. It is in forgiveness that we feel the power of God’s love.

In the last verse of this beautiful carol, O Little Town of Bethlehem, there’s a prayer:  O Holy Child of Bethlehem, Descend to us we pray.  Cast out our sin and enter in.  Be born in us today.

It is my prayer that on this Christmas day we might all find room in our lives for the message of the angels and for the love of God through Christ our Lord.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-2011 Script

The YouTube Broadcast 2011 includes O Little Town of Bethlehem played by the Royal Band

2012

2012 stamp3

Diamond Jubilee commemorative stamps, 2012

At Christmas I am always struck by how the spirit of togetherness lies also at the heart of the Christmas story. A young mother and a dutiful father with their baby were joined by poor shepherds and visitors from afar. They came with their gifts to worship the Christ child. From that day on he has inspired people to commit themselves to the best interests of others.

This is the time of year when we remember that God sent his only son ‘to serve, not to be served’. He restored love and service to the centre of our lives in the person of Jesus Christ.

It is my prayer this Christmas Day that his example and teaching will continue to bring people together to give the best of themselves in the service of others.

The carol, In The Bleak Midwinter, ends by asking a question of all of us who know the Christmas story, of how God gave himself to us in humble service: ‘What can I give him, poor as I am?  If I were a shepherd, I would bring a lamb;  if I were a wise man, I would do my part’.  The carol gives the answer ‘Yet what I can I give him – give my heart’.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-2012 Script

The YouTube Broadcast 2012 includes In the Bleak Midwinter sung by the Military Wives Choir

2013

For Christians, as for all people of faith, reflection, meditation and prayer help us to renew ourselves in God’s love, as we strive daily to become better people. The Christmas message shows us that this love is for everyone. There is no one beyond its reach.

On the first Christmas, in the fields above Bethlehem, as they sat in the cold of night watching their resting sheep, the local shepherds must have had no shortage of time for reflection. Suddenly all this was to change. These humble shepherds were the first to hear and ponder the wondrous news of the birth of Christ – the first noel – the joy of which we celebrate today.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-2013 Script

The YouTube Broadcast 2013 includes The First Noel played by the Royal Band

2014

[Centenary of the start of World War I, 1914-1918]

2014 web

‘Reconciliation’ by Josefina de Vasconcellos at Coventry Cathedral

In the ruins of the old Coventry Cathedral is a sculpture of a man and a woman reaching out to embrace each other … inspired by the story of a woman who crossed Europe on foot after the war to find her husband.

In 1914, many people thought the war would be over by Christmas, but sadly by then the trenches were dug and the future shape of the war in Europe was set.

But, as we know, something remarkable did happen that Christmas, exactly a hundred years ago today.

Without any instruction or command, the shooting stopped and German and British soldiers met in No Man’s Land. Photographs were taken and gifts exchanged. It was a Christmas truce.  … 

For me, the life of Jesus Christ, the Prince of Peace, whose birth we celebrate today, is an inspiration and an anchor in my life.

A role model of reconciliation and forgiveness, he stretched out his hands in love, acceptance and healing. Christ’s example has taught me to seek to respect and value all people, of whatever faith or none.

Sometimes it seems that reconciliation stands little chance in the face of war and discord. But, as the Christmas truce a century ago reminds us, peace and goodwill have lasting power in the hearts of men and women.

On that chilly Christmas Eve in 1914 many of the German forces sang Silent Night, its haunting melody inching across the line.

That carol is still much-loved today, a legacy of the Christmas truce, and a reminder to us all that even in the unlikeliest of places hope can still be found.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-2014 Script

The YouTube Broadcast 2014 includes Silent Night played by the Royal Band

2015

2015 web

Queen Elizabeth II became the longest-reigning British monarch on 9 September, 2015

It is true that the world has had to confront moments of darkness this year, but the Gospel of John contains a verse of great hope, often read at Christmas carol services: “The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it”.

One cause for thankfulness this summer was marking 70 years since the end of the Second World War.  … 

At the end of that war, the people of Oslo began sending an annual gift of a Christmas tree for Trafalgar Square.

It has 500 light bulbs and is enjoyed not just by Christians but by people of all faiths, and of none. At the very top sits a bright star, to represent the Star of Bethlehem.

The custom of topping a tree also goes back to Prince Albert’s time. For his family’s tree, he chose an angel, helping to remind us that the focus of the Christmas story is on one particular family.

For Joseph and Mary, the circumstances of Jesus’s birth – in a stable – were far from ideal, but worse was to come as the family was forced to flee the country.

It’s no surprise that such a human story still captures our imagination and continues to inspire all of us who are Christians, the world over.

Despite being displaced and persecuted throughout his short life, Christ’s unchanging message was not one of revenge or violence but simply that we should love one another.

Although it is not an easy message to follow, we shouldn’t be discouraged; rather, it inspires us to try harder: to be thankful for the people who bring love and happiness into our own lives, and to look for ways of spreading that love to others, whenever and wherever we can.  

2015 VA Tree3The Christmas Tree

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-2015 – Script

The YouTube Broadcast 2015 includes Away in a Manger sung by the Children of Her Majesty’s Chapel Royal

2016

At Christmas our attention is drawn to the birth of a baby some two thousand years ago. It was the humblest of beginnings, and his parents, Joseph and Mary, did not think they were important.

Jesus Christ lived obscurely for most of his life, and never travelled far. He was maligned and rejected by many, though he had done no wrong. And yet, billions of people now follow his teaching and find in him the guiding light for their lives. I am one of them because Christ’s example helps me see the value of doing small things with great love, whoever does them and whatever they themselves believe.

The message of Christmas reminds us that inspiration is a gift to be given as well as received, and that love begins small but always grows.

I wish you all a very happy Christmas.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-2016 – Script

YouTube Broadcast 2016 includes Gloucestershire Wassail played by the Royal Guards Bands

2017

Today, we celebrate Christmas, which, itself, is sometimes described as a festival of the home. Families travel long distances to be together.

Volunteers and charities, as well as many churches, arrange meals for the homeless and those who would otherwise be alone on Christmas Day. We remember the birth of Jesus Christ, whose only sanctuary was a stable in Bethlehem. He knew rejection, hardship and persecution.

And, yet, it is Jesus Christ’s generous love and example which has inspired me through good times and bad. Whatever your own experience is this year, wherever and however you are watching, I wish you a peaceful and very happy Christmas.

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-2017 – Script

The YouTube Broadcast 2017 includes the National Anthem and  It Came upon the Midnight Clear performed by the Commonwealth Youth Orchestra and Choir

2018

The Christmas story retains its appeal since it doesn’t provide theoretical explanations for the puzzles of life. Instead, it’s about the birth of a child, and the hope that birth 2,000 years ago brought to the world.  

Only a few people acknowledged Jesus when he was born; now billions follow him. I believe his message of peace on earth and goodwill to all is never out of date. It can be heeded by everyone. It’s needed as much as ever.

Transcript of The Queen’s Christmas Message of 2018

The YouTube Broadcast 2018 includes the National Anthem and Once in Royal David’s City sung by the Kings College Chapel Choir, Cambridge

Addendum

Messiah  –  Selections

Messiah is an English-language oratorio composed in 1741 by George Friedrich Handel, with a scriptural text compiled by Charles Jennens from the King James Bible, and from the version of the Psalms included with the Book of Common Prayer.

In Part I the text begins with prophecies by Isaiah and others, and moves to the annunciation to the shepherds, the only “scene” taken from the Gospels.

In Part II, Handel concentrates on the Passion and ends with the “Hallelujah” chorus.

In Part III he covers the resurrection of the dead and Christ’s glorification in heaven.

When King George II attended a royal performance of Messiah he stood up for the Hallelujah Chorus in honour of the King of kings. When the king stood everyone in his presence had to stand. So it became the tradition for the audience to stand up when the Hallelujah Chorus is sung, as millions of us have done in honour of the King of kings.

Chorus — Isaiah 9:6

For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given: and the government shall be upon His shoulder: and His name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, the mighty God, the everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace.

Pifa (Pastoral Symphony)

Soprano Recitative — Luke 2:8-11, 13

There were shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flocks by night.

And lo! the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid.

And the angel said unto them, Fear not; for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.

And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying,

Chorus — Luke 2:14

 

Glory to God in the highest, and peace on earth, good will toward men.

Chorus — Revelation 19:6, 11:15, 19:16

Hallelujah! for the Lord God Omnipotent reigneth.

The Kingdom of this world is become the Kingdom of our Lord, and of His Christ;

and He shall reign for ever and ever.

King of kings, and Lord of lords.

Hallelujah!

Lyrics: Holy Bible, Authorised Version, 1611, arranged by Charles Jennens, 1741

Music: George Friedrich Handel, 1741

Resources

Queen's Speeches Web

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. The Queen’s Christmas Speeches (1952 – 2010).

The British Monarchy. Free Kindle Edition.

https://www.amazon.com/Queens-Christmas-Speeches-1952-2010-ebook/dp/B006O422UW

The Royal Family, The Christmas Broadcast

https://www.royal.uk/christmas-broadcast-2016 [annual broadcast scripts, 1952-2016]

Servant Queen Web

William Shawcross (2016). The Servant Queen and the King She Serves.

The Bible Society.  Published to celebrate The Queen’s 90th birthday.

https://www.amazon.com/Servant-Queen-King-she-serves/dp/0957559828

In the Foreword to this book Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II wrote:

As I embark on my 91st year, I invite you to join me in reflecting on the words of a poem quoted by my father, King George VI, in his Christmas Day broadcast in 1939, the year that this country went to war for the second time in a quarter of a century.

I said to the man who stood at the Gate of the Year

“Give me a light that I may tread safely into the unknown.”

And he replied, “Go out into the darkness, and put your hand into the hand of God.

That shall be to you better than light, and safer than a known way.”

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Discovering Aslan: High King above all Kings in Narnia

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Discovering ASLAN: High King above all Kings in Narnia

A devotional commentary on Jesus, The Lion of Judah

7 chapters – a chapter on each of the 7 Narnia books.

Discovering Aslan – PDF

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Endorsements

* A remarkable work – quite unique

This is a remarkable work and something quite unique that I’ve not come across before (and believe me I’ve seen most ideas). There is a huge appetite for devotional type books and I’m sure that this one will appeal to many people.  Russ Burg (USA)

* Most wonderful devotional from Narnia

One of the most interesting devotionals ever! As a huge fan of all things Narnia, I am so grateful for this deeper aspect of the truths in C.S. Lewis’ stories. Geoff Waugh did a great job in crafting such a book as this. What a wonderful addition to any collection, and an inspiration to know Jesus more deeply.  Belinda S. (Amazon Customer)

* Enhance your wonder and love of Christ

You can read the Narnia tales as just good stories, but CS Lewis wanted people to see more. This book will help you see the many links with Jesus, the Lion of Judah. Use this to enhance your wonder and love of Christ.  Rev Dr John Olley (Perth, Australia)

* Best companion work I know of

Many people have fallen in love with the timeless classics of the Narnia series. Yet few stop to think how closely the story is a parallel universe to the real world in which we live. If you want a serious and detailed look at how this works in Lewis’s work then I cannot think of any other resource of this calibre. Either for a young person who is interested in exploring more, or as a resource on a pastor’s desk, it is an invaluable companion to the original series.  (Amazon Customer)

* An unusual and fascinating book

Geoff Waugh explores fascinating layers of meaning in C. S. Lewis’s children’s classic. Aslan, the triumphant lion, is revealed as a reflection of Jesus. The book includes devotional meditations using Bible references.   (Amazon Customer)

* Worth your time – rich teaching

Whether you are familiar with Narnia teachings, or this is new to you, Geoff Waugh faithfully puts together the many layers of meaning in the meanings of the Lion Aslan as portrayed in each of the books of the series. This is a great companion when you read, and is a stand-alone teaching on the depths of teaching that C.S. Lewis weaves into Aslan’s character. Definitely worth your time.   Steve Loopstra (USA)

Endorsements – updated

Individual books on each story:

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Discovering Aslan in The Voyage of the ‘Dawn Treader’ – PDF

Discovering ASLAN in ‘The Silver Chair’ – Blog
Discovering Aslan in The Silver Chair  – PDF

Discovering ASLAN in ‘The Horse and His Boy’ – Blog
Discovering Aslan in The Horse and His Boy 
– PDF

Discovering ASLAN in ‘The Magician’s Nephew’ – Blog
Discovering Aslan in The Magician’s Nephew 
– PDF

Discovering ASLAN in ‘The Last Battle’ – Blog
Discovering Aslan in The Last Battle – PDF

Amazon & Kindle – Discovering ASLAN – all editions

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High King above all Kings in Narnia

A devotional commentary on The Chronicles of Narnia.

7 chapters – each chapter explores one of the 7 Narnia books.

Available now.

eBook immediately available

All 6 versions on one Amazon page

The Divine Allegory in The Chronicles of Narnia:

A great video by Calvin George – key quotes

A great summary of insights discussed in Discovering ASLAN

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The triumphant Lion of Judah features this way in these stories:

  • Creator and Sustainer in The Magician’s Nephew.
  • Saviour and Redeemer in The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe.
  • The Way, the Truth and the Life in The Horse and His Boy.
  • Restorer and Commander in Prince Caspian.
  • Guide and Guardian in The Voyage of the Dawn Treader.
  • Revealer and Victor in The Silver Chair.
  • Judge and Conqueror in The Last Battle

C. S. Lewis wrote:

The whole Narnian story is about Christ.   … The whole series works out like this.

The Magician’s Nephewtells the Creation and how evil entered Narnia.

The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, the Crucifixion and Resurrection.

Prince Caspian, restoration of the true religion after corruption.

The Horse and His Boy, the calling and conversion of a heathen.

The Voyage of the Dawn Treader, the spiritual life (especially in Reepicheep).

The Silver Chair, the continuing war with the powers of darkness.

The Last Battle, the coming of the Antichrist (the Ape), the end of the world and the Last Judgment

Prologue

He is the High King above all kings, the King of kings and Lord of lords.

He is the son of the Great Emperor beyond the sea, beyond the world. He spoke and sang before the creation of the world and brought the world into being.

He commands legions of creatures and people in many worlds.  Some creatures loyal to him may seem strange to us, and many of them fly.  They worship him and serve him wholeheartedly.

His word is always true.  You can depend on him totally. He never lies.

He appears unexpectedly and makes things right.  He gave his life to conquer evil and ransom the guilty rebel.  He rose again by dawn and appeared first to loving, caring young women.

He has enemies in this world and in other worlds but he defeated them and they are doomed. They tremble at the sound of his name.

All who trust in him are forgiven and set free.  He breathes life into hearts of stone.  His breath gives life.

He reveals himself to all who choose to follow and obey him, and the more they know him the more they love him.  The more you know him the bigger he becomes to you. He loves with unending love.

He chose Peter to lead under his authority and to reign with his royal family.  They failed him at times, as we all do, but he always sets things right when anyone asks for his help, trusts him and follows him.

He has all authority in this world and in other worlds. Multitudes love and serve him now and forever. You can talk to him now and always. 

He is the subject of this book and many other books.  He calls you to respond to him, to believe in him, to love him and to live for him.

He is the Lion of Judah.

Illustrations

Photos include Dunluce Castle, the Lewis homes, Jerusalem, Mount of Olives & Emblem of Jerusalem

0-7-lion-of-judah-the_victory_roar_of_the_lion_of_judah

Artwork: The Lion of Judah series by Rebecca Brogan, Tasmania, Australia

Photos include Dunluce Castle, the Lewis homes, Jerusalem, Mount of Olives & Emblem of Jerusalem

BLOGS related to ASLAN & THE LION OF JUDAH

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This one volume book is now available on Amazon and Kindle:

Discovering ASLAN: High King above all Kings in Narnia

7 chapters – one on each of the Narnia stories

Discovering Aslan

Discovering Aslan: High King above all Kings in Narnia

Exploring the Story within the Stories

Introduction

  1. The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe  – “Aslan is on the move”
  1. Prince Caspian  – “Every year you grow you will find me bigger”
  1. The Voyage of the ‘Dawn Treader’  – “By knowing me here for a little, you may know me better there”
  1. The Silver Chair  – “Aslan’s instructions always work: there are no exceptions”
  1. The Horse and His Boy  – “High King above all kings in Narnia”
  1. The Magician’s Nephew  – “I give you yourselves … and I give you myself”
  1. The Last Battle  – “Further up and further in”

Conclusion

 Links to Links

A 1 TitlesA 7 LionThe following comment about Discovering Aslan is included in

The Lion of Judah (1) The Titles of Jesus

and

The Lion of Judah (7) The Lion of Judah (compiled in one volume)

One of the most popular Lion stories is about Aslan in The Chronicles of Narnia by C. S. Lewis.

The stories of Aslan illustrate in fairy tale the greater story of the Lion of the tribe of Judah hidden within the Narnia stories. Replying to a child’s inquiry about the lion’s name, Lewis wrote. “I found the name in the notes to Lane’s Arabian Nights: it is the Turkish for Lion. I pronounce it Ass-lan myself. And of course I meant the Lion of Judah.”[i] The Aslan passages echo and reflect the greatest story of all, the story of the Lion of Judah.

Aslan reminded the children that they would know him truly in their own world when they left Narnia: “But there I have another name. You must learn to know me by that name. This was the very reason why you were brought to Narnia, that by knowing me here for a little you may know me better there.”[ii]

Lewis encouraged readers to make that discovery. He replied to Hila, an 11 year old girl who wrote a letter asking about Aslan’s other name: “As to Aslan’s other name, well I want you to guess. Has there ever been anyone in this world who (1) Arrived at the same time as Father Christmas. (2) Said he was the son of the Great Emperor. (3) Gave himself up for someone else’s fault to be jeered at and killed by wicked people. (4) Came to life again. (5) Is sometimes spoken of as a Lamb (see the end of the Dawn Treader). Don’t you really know His name in this world.”[iii]

Most children did. Many adults did not.

Nine-year-old Laurence worried that he loved Aslan more than Jesus. So his mother wrote to C. S. Lewis, care of the Publishing Company. She received his answer ten days later. Lewis explained, “Laurence can’t really love Aslan more than Jesus, even if he feels that’s what he is doing. For the things he loves Aslan for doing or saying are simply the things Jesus really did and said. So that when Laurence thinks he is loving Aslan, he is really loving Jesus: and perhaps loving Him more than he ever did before.”[iv]

Lewis, replying to a girl, Ruth, wrote, “If you continue to love Jesus, nothing much can go wrong with you, and I hope you may always do so. I’m thankful that you realized [the] “hidden story” in the Narnian books. It is odd, children nearly always do, grown-ups hardly ever.”[v]

The Chronicles of Narnia can help you know Aslan better in the world of Narnia and to know and love Jesus, the Lion of Judah, better also.

Jesus promised to be with us always. He is with us now, caring for us and helping us, even though we do not see him yet. One day we will see him and really know how great and good he is. Meanwhile we can talk to him in our mind and heart anytime and get to know him better from the Bible, especially through the Gospels. Why not talk to him right now?

One of his last promises is ‘Remember, I am with you always, to the end of the age’ (Matthew 28:20).

[i] C. S. Lewis: Letters to Children, edited by L W Dorsett and M L Mead, Touchstone, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995, p. 29.

[ii] The Voyage of the Dawn Treader, Ch. 16.

[iii] Letters to Children, p. 32.

[iv] Letters to Children, pp. 52-53.

[v] Letters to Children, p. 111.

Back to The Lion of Judah (compiled in one volume)

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A 7 LionAppendix 1: Aslan – The Lion of Judah

Appendix 2: China Miracle

Appendix 3: Resources

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The Lion of Judah (5) The Resurrection of Jesus

A 5 Resurrection of Jesus Colour

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The Lion of Judah

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Book 5: The Resurrection of Jesus

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NOTE: I need your positive comment/review on Amazon/Kindle (brief is fine – “Inspiring” – “Helpful”) because it is open to the world.

Selection from this book: Resurrection Appearances of Jesus

The Lion of Judah Series

 

1  The Titles of Jesus

2  The Reign of Jesus

3  The Life of Jesus

4  The Death of Jesus

5  The Resurrection of Jesus

6  The Spirit of Jesus

7  The Lion of Judah

Selection from (1) The Titles of Jesus: Aslan – The Lion of Judah

 

Selection from (2) The Reign of Jesus: Appendix – China Miracle

 

Selection from (3) The Life of Jesus: Prayer, Crowds and Healing

Selection from (4) The Death of Jesus:  The Tree

Selection from (5) The Resurrection of Jesus: Biblical accounts

Selection from (6) The Spirit of Jesus: Testimonies

Cover art by Rebecca Brogan – www.jtbarts.com

Emblem_of_Jerusalem.svgThe Emblem of Jerusalem – The Lion of Judah

The Hebrew word is Jerusalem

Contents of (5) The Resurrection of Jesus

Introduction

The Old Testament proclaims God’s Kingdom

Jesus proclaimed his Resurrection and Reign

The Resurrection is God’s Vindication of Jesus’ Reign

The New Testament proclaims Jesus’ Reign

Narrative Summary:

Holy Week

The Resurrection and Ascension

About the Author

Appendix: Resources 

Easter Sunday Risen

Holy Week

This summary follows the outline in Mark’s Gospel:

Selections from

 

The Lion of Judah (4) The Death of Jesus and

The Lion of Judah (5) The Resurrection of Jesus

Palm Sunday – Day of Demonstration

 

Mark 11:1-11 (Zech 9:9) – Jesus enters Jerusalem

Monday – Day of Authority

 

Mark 11:12-19 – fig tree, temple cleansed

Tuesday – Day of Conflict

 

Mark 11:20 – 13:36 – debates with leaders

Wednesday – Day of Preparation

 

Mark 14:1-11 – anointed at Bethany

Thursday – Day of Farewell

 

Mark 14:12-42 – last supper

Good Friday – Day of Crucifixion

 

Mark 14:43 – 15:47 – trials and death

Saturday – Day of Sabbath

 

Mark 15:46-47 – tomb sealed

Easter Sunday – Day of Resurrection

 

Mark 16:1-18 – resurrection appearances

Resurrection Events

The Resurrection and the Great Forty Days

Description Location Scripture
Women carry spices to the tomb The Garden Mt 28:1 Mk 16:1,2 Lk 24:1
The angel had rolled away the stone The Garden Mt 28:2
Women announce the resurrection Jerusalem Mt 28:8 Lk 24:9,10Jn 20:1,2
Peter and John run to the tomb The Garden Lk 24:12Jn 20:3
The women return to the tomb The Garden Lk 24:1
The guards report these things to the chief priests Jerusalem Mt 28:11-15
APPEARANCES OF CHRIST AFTER HIS RESURRECTION
1)  To Mary Magdalene: ‘All hail! Fear not. Touch me not’ The Garden Mt 16:9-10, Jn 20:14
2) To the women returning home:

‘Go tell my brothers that they go into Galilee – there shall they see me’

The GardenMt 28:9, 103) To two disciples going to Emmaus (exposition of prophecies on the passion)Emmaus RoadMk 16:12, Lk 24:134) To PeterJerusalem1Cor 15:5, Lk 24:345) To ten Apostles:JerusalemLk 24:33, Jn 20:19’Peace be unto you As my Father hath sent me, so send I you. ‘Receive ye the Holy Spirit. Whoever’s sins you remit,’ etcJerusalemJn 20:2-236) To the eleven ApostlesJerusalemMk 16:14, Jn 20:26’Peace be unto you’.Jn 20:26To Thomas: ‘Reach out your finger,’ etc

‘Blessed are they that have not seen, yet have believed’

JerusalemJn 20:27, 297) To 500 at onceUnknown1 Cor 15:68) To JamesUnknown1 Cor 15:9) To the disciples at the sea of Tiberias, including a miracle draught of fishesGalileeJn 21:1-24To Peter; ‘Feed my sheep, feed my lambs’GalileeJn 21:15-1710) To the 11 disciples on a mountain:

‘All authority has been given to me in heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, … Lo, I am with you always even to the end of the age.’

GalileeMt 28:16-20THE ASCENSIONMt of Olives BethanyMk 16:19, Lk 24:50-51, Acts 1:9-11

 

Due to different emphases in each gospel, the chronological order is not always clear. The tables are one possibility. This chronology is adapted and used with permission from Believe: http://mb-soft.com/believe/txh/gospgosp.htm

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The Lion of Judah (4) The Death of Jesus

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The Lion of Judah  Book  4:  The Death of Jesus

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Selection from The Lion of Judah (4) The Death of Jesus:  The Tree

The Lion of Judah Series

1  The Titles of Jesus

2  The Reign of Jesus

3  The Life of Jesus

4  The Death of Jesus

5  The Resurrection of Jesus

6  The Spirit of Jesus

7  The Lion of Judah

Selection from (1) The Titles of Jesus: Aslan – The Lion of Judah

Selection from (2) The Reign of Jesus: Appendix – China Miracle

Selection from (3) The Life of Jesus: Prayer, Crowds and Healing

Selection from (4) The Death of Jesus:  The Tree

Selection from (5) The Resurrection of Jesus: Biblical accounts

Selection from (6) The Spirit of Jesus: Testimonies

Cover art by Rebecca Brogan – www.jtbarts.com

Emblem_of_Jerusalem.svg

Jerusalem Emblem: The Lion of Judah

The Hebrew word is Jerusalem

Contents of (4) the Death of Jesus

This book surveys the significance of the death of Jesus on the cross using key verses and passages and a harmony of the Gospels, including this chart summary:

Introduction

The Old Testament foretold Jesus’ death

Jesus foretold his death

Holy Week

The Resurrection and Ascension

Reflections on Jesus’ Death and Resurrection

New Testament

Other Sources

Conclusion

Holy Week

Holy week, from Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday to his death and resurrection, is by far the greatest week in history.

Jesus, the Lamb of God, the Son of God, the Saviour of the world, chose to be crucified in Jerusalem at the Passover festival. He became our Passover Lamb, slain from the foundation of the world.

The Old Testament points to Jesus, the Messiah, God’s Anointed One. The New Testament tells his story and calls us to respond in faith to his gift of salvation and eternal life.

Key Passages

Holy Week: the last week of the earthly life of Jesus may be summarized this way as a general guide. The different Gospels record different events, each one telling the Gospel, the good news, in their own way. So this arrangement is just an estimate of the sequence of the momentous developments in Holy Week.

This summary follows the outline in Mark’s Gospel:

Selections from The Lion of Judah (4) The Death of Jesus

Palm Sunday – Day of Demonstration

Mark 11:1-11 (Zech 9:9) – Jesus enters Jerusalem

Monday – Day of Authority

Mark 11:12-19 – fig tree, temple cleansed

Tuesday – Day of Conflict

Mark 11:20 – 13:36 – debates with leaders

Wednesday – Day of Preparation

Mark 14:1-11 – anointed at Bethany

Thursday – Day of Farewell

Mark 14:12-42 – last supper

Good Friday – Day of Crucifixion

Mark 14:43 – 15:47 – trials and death

Saturday – Day of Sabbath

Mark 15:46-47 – tomb sealed

Easter Sunday – Day of Resurrection

Mark 16:1-18 – resurrection appearances

The following selections give highlights of key events that week.

These passages remind us of events from the most momentous week in all history, and indeed in all eternity. The Lamb of God, slain from the foundation of the world, took our sin upon himself, died in our place, and conquered death. He alone is the Saviour of the World. All who believe in him, all who trust him, will not die but live for ever with him.

Holy Week: Confrontation

Description Location Scripture
The supper in Simon’s house Bethany Mt 26:6-13 Mk 14:3-9 Jn 12:1-9
Mary anoints Jesus Bethany Mt 26:7-13 Mk 14:3-8 Jn 12:3-8
Triumphal entry into the city Jerusalem Mt 21:1-11, Mk 11:1-10, Lk 19:29-44 Jn 12:12-19
Survey of the Temple Jerusalem Mk 11:11
Retirement to Bethany Bethany Mk 11:11
Withering of the barren fig-tree Olivet Mt 21:18-19, Mk 11:12-14
Second cleansing of the Temple Jerusalem Mt 21:12-17 Mk 11:15-19, Lk 19:45-48
Retirement to Bethany Bethany Mt 21:17, Mk 11:19
The lesson of the fig-tree Olivet Mt 21:20-22, Mk 11:20-25
Discourses in the Temple: Jerusalem Mk 11:26
The rulers’ question Jerusalem Mt 21:23-27, Mk 11:27-33, Lk 20:1-8
The parable of the two sons Jerusalem Mt 21:28-32
Parable of the wicked husbandmen Jerusalem Mt 21:33-46, Mk 12:1-12, Lk 20:9-19
Parable of the wedding garment Jerusalem Mt 22:1-14
The subtle questions:-
1) of the Pharisees – the tribute money Jerusalem Mt 22:15-22, Mk 12:13-17, Lk 20:20-26
2) of the Sadducees – the resurrection Jerusalem Mt 22:23-33, Mk 12:18-27, Lk 20:27-39
3) of the Lawyer – the great commandment Jerusalem Mt 22:34-40, Mk 12:28-34
Our Lord’s counter question Jerusalem Mt 22:41-46 Mk 12:35-37, Lk 20:41-44
Scribes and Pharisees denounced Jerusalem Mt 23:13-33
The widow’s mite Jerusalem Mk 12:41-44, Lk 21:1-4
The coming of the Greeks Jerusalem Jn 12:20-36
The departure to the Mt of Olives Olivet Mt 24:1-3, Mk 13:1-3
Prediction 1: the destruction of Jerusalem Olivet Mt 24:3-28, Mk 13:3-23, Lk 21:5-24
Parable of fig-tree and all the trees Olivet Mt 24:32,33, Mk 13:28,29, Lk 21:29-32
Prediction 2: of the second coming Olivet Mt 24:28-51, Mk 13:23-37, Lk 21:24-36
Parable of the householder Olivet Mk 13:34
Parables:- The ten virgins Olivet Mt 25:1-13
Parables:- The talents Olivet Mt 25:14-30
Parables:- The sheep and the goats Olivet Mt 25:31-46
The Sanhedrin in council Jerusalem Mt 26:3-5, Mk 14:1-2, Lk 22:1-2
Compact of the traitor Jerusalem Mt 26:14-16, Mk 14:10,11, Lk 22:3-6

The Last Supper

Preparation of the Passover Jerusalem Mt 26:17-19, Mk 14:12-16, Lk 22:7-13
Washing the apostles’ feet Jerusalem Jn 13:1-17
The breaking of bread Jerusalem Mt 26:26, Mk 14:22, Lk 22:19
‘One of you shall betray me’ Jerusalem Mt 26:21, Mk 14:18, Lk 22:21, Jn 13:21
‘Is it I ?’ Jerusalem Mt 26:22-25, Mk 14:19
Giving of the dipped bread Jerusalem Jn 13:26,27
Departure of Judas Iscariot Jerusalem Jn 13:30
Peter warned Jerusalem Mt 26:34, Mk 14:30, Lk 22:34, Jn 13:38
Blessing the cup Jerusalem Mt 26:27-28 Mk 14:23-24 Lk 22:17
The discourses after supper Jerusalem Jn 14:1-16:33
Christ’s prayer for his apostles Jerusalem Jn 17:1-17:26
The hymn Jerusalem Mt 26:30, Mk 14:26

Gethsemane and Trials

The agony Gethsemane Mt 26:37, Mk 14:33, Lk 22:39, Jn 18:1
The thrice-repeated prayer Gethsemane Mt 26:39-44, Mk 14:36-39, Lk 22:42
Sweat and angel support Gethsemane Lk 22:43-44
The sleep of the apostles Gethsemane Mt 26:40-45, Mk 14:37-41, Lk 22:45-46
Betrayal by Judas Gethsemane Mt 26:47-50, Mk 14:34,44, Lk 22:47, Jn 18:2-5
Peter smites Malchus Gethsemane Mt 26:51, Mk 14:47, Lk 22:50, Jn 18:10
Jesus heals the ear of Malchus Gethsemane Lk 22:51
Jesus forsaken by disciples Gethsemane Mt 26:56, Mk 14:50
Jesus led to Annas Jerusalem Jn 18:12-13
Jesus tried by Caiaphas Jerusalem Mt 26:57, Mk 14:53, Lk 22:54, Jn 18:15
Peter follows Jesus Jerusalem Mt 26:58, Mk 14:54, Lk 22:55, Jn 18:15
The high priest’s adjuration Jerusalem Mt 26:63, Mk 14:61
Jesus condemned, buffeted, mocked Jerusalem Mt 26:66,67, Mk 14:64-65, Lk 22:63-65
Peter’s denial of Christ Jerusalem Mt 26:69-75, Mk 14:66-72, Lk 22:54-62, Jn 18:17-27
Jesus before Pilate Jerusalem Mt 27:1-2, Mk 15:1, Lk 23:1 Jn 18:28
Repentance of Judas Jerusalem Mt 27:3
Pilate comes out to the people Jerusalem Jn 18:29
Pilate speaks to Jesus privately Jerusalem Jn 18:33
Pilate orders him to be scourged Jerusalem Mt 27:26 Mk 15:15 Jn 19:1
Jesus crowned with thorns Jerusalem Mt 27:29 Mk 15:17 Jn 19:2
‘Behold the man’ Jerusalem Jn 19:5
Jesus accused formally Jerusalem Mt 27:11 Mk 15:2 Lk 23:2
Jesus sent by Pilate to Herod Jerusalem Lk 23:6-11
Jesus mocked, arrayed in purple Jerusalem Lk 23:6-11
‘Behold your King’ Jerusalem Jn 19:14
Pilate desires to release him Jerusalem Mt 27:15, Mk 15:6, Lk 23:17, Jn 19:12
Pilate’s wife message Jerusalem Mt 27:19
Pilate washes his hands Jerusalem Mt 27:24
Pilate releases Barabbas Jerusalem Mt 27:26
Pilate delivers Jesus to be crucified Jerusalem Mt 27:26, Mk 15:15, Lk 23:25 Jn 19:16

Crucifixion

Simon of Cyrene carries the cross Jerusalem Mt 27:32, Mk 15:21, Lk 23:26
They give Jesus vinegar and gall Golgotha Mt 27:34, Mk 15:23, Lk 23:36
They nail him to the cross Golgotha Mt 27:35, Mk 15:24-25, Lk 23:33, Jn 19:18
The superscription Golgotha Mt 27:37, Mk 15:26, Lk 23:38, Jn 19:19
1) Father, forgive them Golgotha Lk 23:34
His garments parted, and vesture allotted Golgotha Mt 27:35, Mk 15:24, Lk 23:34, Jn 19:23
Passers-by rail, the two thieves revile Golgotha Mt 27:39-44, Mk 15:29-32, Lk 23:35
The penitent thief Golgotha Lk 23:40
2) Today you will be with me … Golgotha Lk 23:43
3) Woman, behold your son. … Golgotha Jn 19:26,27
Darkness over all the land Golgotha Mt 27:45, Mk 15:33, Lk 23:44,45
4) My God, my God, why … ? Golgotha Mt 27:46, Mk 15:34
5) I thirst Golgotha Jn 19:28
The vinegar Golgatha Mt 27:48, Mk 15:36, Jn 19:29
6) It is finished Golgotha Jn 19:30
7) Father, into your hands … Golgotha Lk 23:46
Rending of the veil Jerusalem Mt 27:51, Mk 15:38, Lk 23:45
Graves opened, saints resurrected Jerusalem Mt 27:52
Testimony of Centurion Golgotha Mt 27:54, Mk 15:39, Lk 23:47
Watching of the women Golgotha Mt 27:55, Mk 15:40, Lk 23:49
The piercing of his side Golgotha Jn 19:34
Taking down from the cross The Garden Mt 27:57-60, Mk 15:46, Lk 23:53, Jn 19:38-42
Burial by Joseph of Arimethea, Nicodemus The Garden Mt 27:57-60, Mk 15:46, Lk 23:53, Jn 19:38-42
A guard placed over the sealed stoneBack to The Lion of Judah Garden Mt 27:65-66